Bhutan General information
Bhutan General information: As a proof, history of Bhutan dates as far back as the 6th century A.D., whereas the real chronological history starts with the beginning of Buddhism from 7th century A.D. From that time, Buddhism has largely shaped the history of Bhutan and the lifestyle of its people.
It is assumed that the country acquired the name 'Bhutan' from the Sanskrit word 'Bhu-Uttan' which means 'High Land'. One more theory says that it comes from the Sanskrit word 'Bhots-ant' meaning 'end of Tibet or south of Tibet'. Yet, to the Bhutanese themselves, their country is known as "Druk Yul" which signifies ‘land of Dragon’ and its people as 'Drukpa', a reference to the central branch of Tibetan Buddhism which is still practiced in the Himalayan kingdom
The two monasteries, the Kyichu Lhakhang in Paro and Jambay Lhakhang in Bumthang which were built in the 7th Century A.D are the benchmark and remarkable leftovers of the history of Bhutan, today. Coming to the 8th century, Buddhism took firm root in the country. The great Tantric spiritualist, Guru Padmasambhava (more widely known as Guru Rimpoche in Bhutan) came in flying on the back of a tiger and landed in Taktsang, Paro, where the Taktsang monastery, one of the most admired holy sites and the most notable religious and historical icon of Bhutan, stands today. The Kurjey Lhakhang in Bumthang is another vital spot of pilgrimage where Guru Rimpochey had meditated, subdued the evil spirits and left the imprint of his body on a rock. Temples and monasteries dating from the 8th century still stand as honored places in contemporary Bhutan.
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