Makalu Base Camp

Trexmount Ventures  has designed a itinerary to Makalu Base Camp with a great opportunity to experience the  sub-tropical alpine to arctic climate zone in one single trek. Makalu Base Camp trek offers breathtaking views of world’s highest mountains from 5th highest Mt. Makalu (8,463 m-27, 766 ft), Baruntse (7,160 m-23,491 ft) 3rd highest, Mt. Kanchenjunga (8,586 m-28,169 ft) number one and with rare East Face (Khansung) of Mt. Everest (8,848 m-29,028 ft), 4th highest Lhotse (8,516 m-27,939ft) whole range of Khumbakarna Himalaya with many other adjoining smaller peaks in the horizon. This awesome adventure to Makalu Base Camp & Barun Valleys starts at Tumlingtar town after a flight from Kathmandu, at an altitude of 950 m high located above Arun River on a shelf and a plateau, south east of Nepal.

Have interesting drive to Num village passing the big town of Khadbari, headquarter of Sanka Sawa district around Makalu region. Drive continues on the dirt track climbing higher past Manebhanjyang, Chichelle, Bhotebas and downhill to Num village at some 1,500 m-4,921 ft, perched on a ridge to start the trek. Walk begins on the less visited area by other trekkers, leading from Mediterranean of mid hills to arctic landscapes climatic zone. These fascinating and dramatic changes in temperature, vegetation and landscapes are found only in the high Nepal Himalaya of Eastern Nepal with mind blowing scenery on daily walks.

Adventure leads through many traditional Rai, Limbu, and Sherpa villages with warm welcome and hospitality. After the last Sherpa village of Tashigaon come then into complete a wilderness, climbing higher at Khoma danda, through enchanting forest of rhododendron (Nepal national flower) pines, firs and oak trees with other exotic vegetation and tremendous vista of Mt. Makalu and towards far east Mt. Kanchenjunga. Reach the alpine area with cooler temperature. Walk on high ridges crossing over Tutu-la and Shipton-la at over 4,200 m-656 ft  and then past two large frozen ponds and then descend to another alpine exotic Barun Valley where rare herbs and vegetation are found along with wild life, musk deer, snow leopards and other mountain antelopes including plenty of bird life.

Walk from this amazing and picturesque Barun valley for few days to reach Makalu base camp. Arrive at Sherson 4,600 m-15,092 ft for an overnight camp site, with rest day for local exploration and hike to Makalu base camp at 5,120 m-16,798 ft,  the highest spot of this adventure, which offers super panorama of towering Mt. Makalu, Baruntse peaks and the rare Khansung, East Face of Mt. Everest with Mt. Lhotse which includes a range of adjoining peaks, and towards north the massive range of Khumbukarna Himalaya which borders Nepal / Tibet.

After a mesmerizing time at Sherson and base camp, We trek back through same route by retracing the walk through Barun valley and over the Khongma-la ridge, heading downhill to reach Tasigaon village and then back at Num. From Num onwards experience the tropical climate, back to rice paddies and farm terraces. Take a local jeep or similar vehicle to reach at Tumlingtar. After a remarkable adventure in the high land to Makalu Base Camp & Arun / Barun Valleys, this amazing trip concludes with a scenic flight back to Kathmandu.


Day 01: Arrive at Kathmandu and transfer to respective hotels.
Day 02: Kathmandu free day for trek preparations or Sightseeing tour on your interest, pay locally for sightseeing.
Day 03: Fly to Tumlingtar (950 m-3,116 ft) and drive to Num 1,500m – 05 hours.
Day 04: Trek to Sedua (1,493 m-4,898 ft) – 05 hours.
Day 05: Trek to Tashigaon (2,200 m-7,217 ft) – 04 hours.
Day 06: Trek to Kohma Danda (3,500 m-11,483 ft) – 05 hours
Day 07: Trek to Mumbuk (3,400 m-11,155 ft)- 06 hours.
Day 08: Trek to Nehe Kharka (3,750 m-12,303 ft) – 06 hours.
Day 09: Trek to Sherson (4,600 m-15,092 ft) – 05 hours.
Day 10: At Sherson for a hike to Makalu base camp 5,120 m-16,798 ft
Day 11: Trek to Yangre Kharka (3,645 m-11,959 ft) – 06 hours.
Day 12: Trek to Mumbuk (3,400 m-11,155 ft) – 05 hours.
Day 13: Trek to Kohma Ridge XXX m-XXX ft – 05 hours.
Day 14: Trek to Nawagaon (2,500 m-8,202 ft) via Tashigaon -06 hours
Day 15: Trek to Num (1,500 m-4,921 ft) via Sedua XXX m-XXX ft – 06 hours.
Day 16: Drive to Tumlingtar 518 m-1,699 ft via Khadbari XXX m-XXX ft 3-4 hours.
Day 17: Fly back to Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.
Day 18: Free day at leisure guided tour on request.
Day 19: Transfer to airport for departure from Nepal.

Itinerary Detail

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.
Our representative will come to the airport for transfer to the Hotel. After some refreshment in the hotel, Our Tour leader will make pre departure meeting in the Hotel or at our office. The meeting will cover trip related information & the collecting your Documents (passport copy, 2 passport size photos, Travel insurance).

Day 02: Kathmandu: Free day or City Sightseeing (pay Locally for sightseeing)
After morning breakfast, free day for trek preparation. OR, you can do sightseeing tour in Kathmandu valley with visiting into fascinating heritage and cultural sites. There are few places that are worth to visit such as holy Pashupatinath temple, Bouddhanath, Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple), Durbar Square ( One is in Kathmandu, in patan and also in Bhaktapur), Museum,  monasteries, old historical Palaces and Gardens. Note:  this tour is optional so you can visit with place of your interest & pay locally.

Day 03: Fly to Tumlingtar (950 m-3,116 ft) 40 minutes flight and drive to Num (1,500 m-4,921 ft).
As per the flight time to Tumlingtar, normally morning time transfer to Kathmandu domestic airport and then the flight duration of 40 minutes to reach at eastern area of Nepal in Tumlingtar with super panorama, array of snow capped mountains from Ganesh-Langtang-Jugal Himal, Gaurishankar, Numbur with Mt. Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse and Mt. Makalu.

At Tumlingtar be received by our trekking staff and guides, here with short break to refresh in this interesting town like village, located on sub tropical climate a plateau above Arun River with views of Mt. Makalu.

From Tumlingtar take a jeep drive on the recently constructed motor dirt road, and then a ride above Arun Valley area to reach at Khandbari a large town, the district headquarter of Sanka Sawa of Makalu region. Drive continues over the hills passing Chinchela village, and from here leading to a long downhill following ridge slope to Num village. This place is slowly developing into a town due to access of motor able road. Overnight here in local lodge before camping starts from next day onward. Num offers grand views of Jalajala Himal and Makalu.

Day 04: Trek to Sedua (1,493  m-4,898 ft) – 05 hrs.
Start the first day trekkingby making a steep downhill walk towards the raging Arun River which flows from Barun valley, Makalu base camp and as far as Tibet. The lower slopes of this narrow valley are thickly forested. The paths can be slippery. After crossing a bridge over the river, make a steep climb at a height of 670 meters, and out of the rain forest, reaching a lunch place at Runruma.

From here after another few hours of uphill climb reach Sedua village with health post and a primary school. Overnight camp in the schoolyard.

Day 05: Trek to Tashigaon (2,200 m-7,217 ft) – 04 hrs.
Today the walk is not far to reach Tashigaon. After this small village, the morning walk passes many smaller farm areas and village. On the gradual winding path in the cool shade of forest walking slowly brings us to.Tashigaon.  We stop  in Tashigaon for lunch with overnight camp, with the afternoon free to relax and explore this Sherpa village. Notice slight differences from the Sherpa of Everest: the dress, homes  –although the culture, tradition and religion are of same root due to settlement in lower warm areas making for a change in way of life from the Sherpa of much higher region.

Day 06: Trek to Kohma Danda (3,500 m-11,483 ft) – 05 hrs
This will be the last human settlement and village for a week on-route to Makalu basin, as the morning trek leads towards complete wilderness with much uphill climb through enchanting forested area of rhododendron, pines, oaks and fir trees, walk is refreshing for an hour and a half in the beautiful shade forest. Upon leaving the dense forest come to an open summer pasture area with some temporary shepherd huts. Reachat Kohama Danda located on top of a ridge. As the tree lines declines dwarf rhododendron (azalea) juniper bushes appear. This serene spot offers superb views of Mt. Makalu and Khumbakarna Himalayan range with Kanchenjunga towards east horizon.

Day 07: Trek to Mumbuk (3550 m-11,647 ft) -06 hrs
After a wonderful stop on this high ridge of Kohma, the morning walk follows on a gradual path with few ups and downs passing the glacial ponds of Thulo Pokhari (big pond) and Sano Pokhari (small pond). From here walk leads over Sipton and Tutu-la passes at 4,075 m-13,369 ft and then veers onto a downhill trail into green vegetation and alpine forest reaching at Mumbuk, for overnight camp in the midst of pines, hemlock, birch and rhododendrons forest.

Day 08: Trek to Nehe Kharka (3,750 m-12,303 ft) – 06 hrs.
Our Morning walk starts on a downhill forested path to reach a hidden and concealed exotic Barun Valley, one of the least explored area of eastern Himalaya region. This picturesque and unique valley lies within Makalu-Barun National Park, with 3,000 species of flowering plants, 440 birds’ species and 75 species of mammals, including the endangered clouded leopard, red panda and musk deer.

This remarkable bio-diversity is considered to be a global significance and provides a living laboratory for international scientific research.

Walk continues on Barun valley with slight climb towards east following Barun River upstream towards Nehe-Kharka for overnight camp, on a summer pasture field.

Day 09: Trek to Sherson (4,600 m-15,092 ft) – 06 hrs.
Today the walk leads to our destination and one of the highlights of this adventure at Sherson close to Makalu base camp, where the Barun valley ends for remorseless ice fields, glacier and moraine of rocks. After a short walk cross plank bridges over the rivers. The walk reaches a large prayer wall at Ramara after few hours walk. From here the vegetation gets less, only some rhododendron bushes, barberries, cotoneaster and juniper persist for some time. As the walk progresses in this high altitude in complete wilderness, slowly the walk comes to an end at Sherson close to Barun lower glacier with view of majestic giant peak of Makalu.

Sherson is a lower base camp of Mt. Makalu. Around this place with a number of stone enclosures as this a high grazing area, there are marvelous views of s host of peaks, including the upper part of Makalu South Face, Mt. Baruntse (7,220 m-23,688 ft) peeking above peak 4.

Day 10: Free day for a hike and excursion to proper Makalu base camp.
A rest day at Sherson offers the opportunity for a short hike. Morning walk leads to a scenic area for best and close-up views of Mt. Makalu, frozen Barun pokhari with rare East Face of Mt. Everest known as “Kanshung Face” with Lhotse. An hour steep climb opens into a large meadow where one can hike further up for more better scenery, afternoon at leisure to catch up with your dairy.

Day 11: Trek to Yangre Kharka (3,645 m-11,959 ft) – 06 hrs.
After a most mesmerizing time at Sherson and Makalu base camp, and with surrounding high peaks and in the highest area of Himalaya, walk leads back towards the end of Barun valley at Yangre Kharka for overnight camp.

Day 12: Trek to Mumbuk (3550 m-11,647 ft) – 05 hrs.
Last day around Barun Valley as the morning walk leads to a climb and getting back into tree lines of forested area to camp at Mumbuk or further.

Day 13: Trek to Kohma Ridge 05 hrs.
Retrace the journey back to Kohma danda (ridge) via Shipton, Tutu-la and Thulo Pokhari as the walk climbs to reach a upper ridge and then with ups and down, after the last pond a gradual walk to Kohma for last overnight camp in wilderness and high mountains.

Day 14: Trek to Nawagaon (2,500 m-8,202 ft) via Tashigaon (1554 m-5,098 ft) – 06 hrs. 
In the morning take a long downhill  walk through the cool shade of the forest passing several herders’ shelters to reach Tashi Gaon and back to human settlement after being in isolation. From here continue walking towards Nawa-Gaon on the upper trail for another three hours through forested area and then reach the large Sherpa village of Nawagaon, perched high above Sedua village.  

Day 15: Trek to Num via Sedua (1,493  m-4,898 ft) – 06 hrs.
Leaving Nawagaon walk on a downhill trail through farm fields for an hour or two and then reaching Sedua village. From here retrace the journey to Num, with few hours of a downhill walk to the deep gorge of Arun River. After the bridge make another two hours of a steep climb that brings you back at Num for last overnight stop in the high hills of eastern Himalaya.

Day 16: Drive to Tumlingtar (518 m-1,699 ft) via Khadbari – 04 hrs.
After a great experience and enjoyable time in the high hills and mountains and hidden valley of Barun, have a morning drive on the country dirt road.  Drive leads uphill to reach a top ridge near Chichelle village and then downhill towards more warmer area leading past big town of Khadbari and to Tumlingtar town for the end of camping and now the comfort of nice simple local lodge for last overnight in this interesting town with an air field close by.

Day 17: Fly to Kathmandu afternoon free for individual activities.
Morning, have a short walk towards an air terminal for the scenic sweeping flight of 40 minutes back to Kathmandu. During this flight enjoypanorama of snow capped mountains with dotted rolling hills with many villages, after a pleasant flight reaching at Kathmandu domestic airport and then transfer to respective hotels after an overwhelming time high up in the mountains.

Day 18:Kathmandu.
Free day in Kathamndu, Do your own activities.

Day 19: Departure for home ward bound.
Today your last day in Nepal with great memories, amazing experience transfer to Tribhuvan International airport for final departure towards homeward bound or to next port of call.

Includes and Excludes

Price : USD 2050 Per Person

–        Airport Pick up and drop transfer by car, van or bus depend on group size.
–        Private Ground transportation as per itinerary
–        Return Flight Ktm|Tumling tar |Kathmandu
 –       3 Star Hotel accommodations in Kathmandu with Breakfast.
–        Private room during the trekking (Tea House section).
–       Breakfast in the Hotel while at Kathmandu. And Meal on full boards basis (breakfast, lunch and dinner) during the trek.

–        National Park entry permits.
–        TIMS Permit.
–        Permits
–        An experience guide and required number of porters (one porter in between two pax), their food, accommodation, transportation, salary, insurance, and equipments.
–        Warm sleeping bag, warm down jacket and walking stick, if necessary.
–        Trek bag

–       Meals as Mention in the inclusive list. 
–        Tips to staff or any donations.
–        Temple and monastery entry fee, & entry fees while sightseeing in kathmandu.
–        Your travel insurance, Medical and emergency evacuation (Just in case).
–        All types of drinks (such as Hot & cold drinks, Mineral water and alcoholic drinks).
–        All personal expenses which is not mention into the price inclusion.

Equipments and Packing

EQUIPMENT: Since you are traveling here and there and through the country side, consider carrying warm, lightweight, hand-washable and quick-drying clothes.

Trekking Boots (One Pair), Light Soaks (3 Pairs), Thick Socks (4 pairs), Camp Shoes (1 pair), and Sandals (1 pair).

Warm Cotton Trousers (2 pairs), Fleece Jacket or Pullover (1), Down or Fiber Filled Waterproof Jacket and Trousers (1), Shirts and T-Shirts (4 pieces), Long Under Wear (2 pieces), Lightweight Cotton Long Pants, Short Under Wear (4 pieces), Sunglasses (1), Sun Hat or Scarf (1) and Woolen Hat (1), Lightweight Gloves (1), Heavyweight Gloves or Mittens With a Waterproof (1), Rain Coat (1).

Daypack (1), Down Jacket (1), Sleeping Bag (4 seasons-1), Water Bottle (1), Sunglasses, Flashlight with Spare Bulbs, Sun Cream, Batteriesm Gaiters, Lip Salve.

Toilet Articles, Insect Repellent, Notebook and Pen, Laundry Soap, Toilet Roll, Pocket Knife, Binoculars, Sewing Kit, Soap, Camera, GPS, Cards and Personal Medical Kit and items of your personal interest.

If you are wearing glasses, it is advisable to bring a spare pair. If you wear contact lenses you may find that climatic changes and dust can create visual irritation, therefore, it is advisable to bring a pair of glasses.

For Water Purification: You should not drink the water from the tap in Nepal because of bacteria. You can either use water purification or buy the bottle of water. Now a days, some people are bringing their own water filter which is very impressive & useful.
Bottled mineral water and boiled water are available for purchase throughout Trekking.  However, water purification tablets or your own filter can be useful with your interest.

  • Steripen
  • Water filter
  • Iodine or chlorine dioxide purification tablets

Checklist for Documents:
The Following documents listed below are a must and should be with you at all times.

  • Valid Passport
  • Medical Insurance card(s)
  • Address book | Our Company contact details (for any emergency)
  • Flight tickets (e-tickets).
  • Passport size photos ( At least 4)

Note: We do recommend you to make copies of passport, visas, permits, airline tickets/schedule and so on. Leave a copy with someone at home and put a copy in a separate place in your luggage.


Trip Map

Trip Fact

Trip accommodation:      Hotels, Lodge & camping on route trek
Trek grade:                         Moderate to Adventurous
Highest altitude gain:   5,120 meters at Makalu Base Camp.
Total Trip:                        17 / 18 days Kathmandu-Kathmandu.
Seasons:                            April to June and September / November.

Trip Highlights

“full of thrills and excitement throughout this trip, from traditional villages, green hills, pristine forest of various species of rhododendron flowering trees,, amazing landscapes and high mountains, standing beneath world’s 5th highest
Makalu at 8,463 m, around exotic Arun and Barun valley visiting villages enrich with old culture, customs are the main attraction and highlights of this trek and the warm hospitality of highlanders, the Sherpa of Nepal far east Himalaya”

Trip Information's

Arriving in Nepal & Transfers:  Before you depart for Nepal please send us your flight details so that we can arrange a complementary transport from the airport to the hotel in Kathmandu. Our staff and representative will have a sign-board with “Trexmount Ventures”, please look for it when reaching outside the main terminal. Please note our phone numbers if in-case of flight delay and change in time & schedule or if you don’t see our Sign Board on your arrival in case of emergency:
Please notify on these + 977- 1- 4701237, 4701238, 4701239 or Cell: 9851058054

Please be aware of hawkers at the airport will try to carry your bags for you and direct you to specific guesthouses.  Please carry your own luggage and don’t give any money who ever asks for it. Luggage

Standard commercial airline baggage restrictions apply. Usually this is 20 kg for economy passengers and one piece of carry-on luggage. It is advisable to check with your airline before traveling.

Passport: Your passport is a valuable document and you should exercise extreme care in keeping it safe. We recommend that you keep your passport on you at all times, preferably in a money belt that is worn under your clothing. We advise that you take copies of relevant pages in your passport and any visas that you may purchase in case of loss or damage. Your tour leader will require your passport details at the pre-departure meeting. Again, we recommend that you have a photocopy of your passport details, kept separate. Your passport must be valid for six months after the END of your tour, and must have one blank page for each country to be visited.

Visa Requirements: You can either processed tourist visas from any Nepalese Embassy or via the web or you upon arrival in Nepal. Please note that once the visa is issued, it may not be amended or re-validated and visa fees will not be refunded. USD cash or Visa and Master Card credit cards are accepted for visa fees. Visitors who wanted to get tourist visa at arrival, they can obtain into following arrival points in Nepal:
Tribhubhan International Airport (TIA), Kathmandu| Kodari| Kakarbhitta| Birgunj| Belhiya Bhairahawa | Nepalgunj |Dhangadi | Mahendranagar.

REQUIREMENTS for Visa is as following:
Valid Passport (with a validity of a minimum period of six months) duly completed Visa application form.
Visa fees easier to be paid in cash.
Visa fees at arrival points in Nepal: Visa for 15 days = $25, For 30 days = $40, For 90 days = $100.
Please also note that: Nationals of the following countries must apply for a tourist visa through Nepalese Embassies as they do not get visas on arrival at the entry points of Nepal.

Note: Nigeria | Ghana | Zimbabwe | Swaziland | Cameroon | Somalia | Liberia| Ethiopia| Iraq| Palestine and Afghanistan’s Travel Document holders (Passport holder) should apply for a tourist visa at the Nepalese Embassy. Entry validity: The validity of visa dates is counted from the date of arrival in Nepal which is Six months from the date of issue.

Visa Extension: A tourist visa can be extended from the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu and Pokhara Immigration Office for a total of 120 days. Over the course of a visa year, a tourist cannot stay in Nepal more than cumulative 150 days.

Country entry regulations can be changed, Unique Path Travels does not accept responsibility for changes in regulations or requirements for visas. The information provided is given in good faith.

Currency: The official currency in Nepal is Rupee. The most commonly use symbol for Rupee is NPR or Rs. One Rupee is made up of 100 Paisa, a smaller unit.  There are coins  for denominations of one, two, five and ten rupees and bank notes in denominations of 1,2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 rupees. There is no restriction on the amount of foreign currency or travelers checks brought into Nepal.

Money Exchange: Nepal Rastra Bank (National Bank)  sets the exchange rate and lists rate in daily news paper. There are many money changer counters and Banks in the cities at where you can change your cash money. When you are changing money officially, you need to show your passport and get receipt with your identity.  The Hotels do change the money however they do have lower rate.

There are various ATM Machines in main cities and towns like Kathmandu, Pokhara and so on. Where you can get cash (only Nepalese Rupee) on both Visa and Master Card’s 24 hours a day. Usually you can draw Maximum 30,000 NPR a day from your Card.

Accommodations: In Nepal most places have tourist standard facilities depending upon the choices, as we have put a lot of effort into locating the most appropriate type of accommodation for each tour.

It will always be clean and hygienic, comfortable and of a very high standard. Accommodation for Nepal trips is in a combination of good standard tourist class hotels and Guest Houses in the Treks operated by the local people, which offer Twin Sharing accommodations, please be prepared for the common Bathrooms.

If you wish to spend a few additional days in your start city before the departure of your tour, then we can arrange accommodation for you. On the last day of the tour we usually arrive at our final destination in the late afternoon, when the tour ends. If you would like to book accommodation for that night or even stay additional nights, we will be more than happy to arrange this for you as well. All our accommodation is carefully chosen, conveniently located, clean and comfortable.

Travel / Medical Insurance: Travel / Medical insurance a compulsory in all Trexmount Ventures trips, all clients MUST be insured to cover personal accident, medical expenses, cancellation, curtailment and repatriation. Please Note you should check that your insurance policy is adequate for Trexmount Ventures .

Vaccinations: Your doctor might suggest you while traveling in Asia or any 3rd world countries, as in Nepal vaccinations are not compulsory unless coming from a yellow fever infected region but we do recommend you are covered for: *diphtheria & TB, hepatitis A, *hepatitis B, *malaria, typhoid, polio and tetanus. NB* a Yellow Fever certificate is required if arriving from infected areas.

For traveling in the countryside and remote areas, immune globulin is also recommended to combat hepatitis A. We advise you to bring along a supply of antibiotics, an anti-diarrhea agent, and any other prescription drugs required by your current medical conditions.

Vaccination requirements are subject to change and should be confirmed before departure.You may need additional inoculations so please contact your GP or a travel medical center for further information. Please consult your doctor for up-to-date information and prescriptions for vaccinations, anti-malarial requirements and any reasonably foreseeable illnesses whilst traveling into Asia.

Note: Please don’t forget check up with your Doctor & get advice whether your health permit or not to go into the region.

We also recommend: A dental check-up prior to traveling, you know your blood group in case of emergency and to send your medical / dietary lists. If you have any pre-existing medical conditions which might affect you on tour, you make these known to your Travel Agent at the time of your booking

Medical Supplies: In every trip we do provide with essential comprehensive medical kits however you may carry your own medical kits as per your doctor’s recommendations.

List of some recommended items: Band Aids / bandages, laxatives, upset stomach remedy, anti-diarrhea remedy, Panadol /Aspirin, rehydration remedy, antiseptic cream/powder, sterile dressings, any relevant course of medication such as contraceptive pills.

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): Depending upon the zone of trekking, AMS might occur if one does not acclimatize well while trekking in the high Himalayan region. Usually the symptom of AMS can be felt above 3,000 m with thin air, lack of oxygen from low air pressure. The Rapid Ascend, dehydration and Hypothermia are the cause of the symptom. We have rated three different level of the Altitude Sickness:

  1.  AMS – Acute Mountain Sickness: 
    The initial symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness starts with headache, nausea, shortness of breath, fatigue / tiredness, Loss of appetite, disturbance in sleep which is mild a symptoms that will make like hangover / not feeling well.  You don’t need to worry much this will take time to heal after a good acclamatsation, this can be avoided after slow ascend or resting into the same elevation.
  2. HAPE – High Altitude Pulmonary Edema:
    This second level of the sickness may get water in the lungs with the symptoms of increasing Headache, wish to vomiting or vomiting, diarrhea, Dizziness’, Breathing hard, severe cough (dry or Productive), increasing tiredness/weakness, high pulse, Fatigue while walking, Blueness of the face, Lips, Fingers nails which means inability to circulate the Oxygen into the blood. If these symptoms occur, you shouldn’t ascend higher, take medicine & rest/stay into the same altitude for extra night, if it does not improves, you need to descend into lower elevation.
  3. Hace – High Altitude Cerebral Edema
    The final level is a extreme stage of altitude sickness with the symptoms of worsening headache & Vomiting, mental confusion, swelling hand & face, walking like drunk, irritable, unconsciousness or coma. If these serious symptoms appear, you need to get into the hospital as soon as possible either by heli-copter or by other possible arrangements.

Decision Making: All the decision is made by the victims and by leader or guide for
evacuation by any means of quick transportation and in helicopter.

  1. Find out the main problem i.e. at altitude. Assume all problems are Altitude Sickness unless proven otherwise. 
  2. If it is an altitude problem with mild symptoms, stay at the same altitude until the symptoms are completely gone. Take an Aspirin tablet, try to go up but listen to your body. If symptoms are worsening, descend into the lower.

Prevention is better than cure. A proper acclimatization before heading higher elevation, not to make Rapid Ascent; not to walk faster and drink plenty of fluid like water.

  • Listen your body & Let them more comfortable & rest more than usual. 
  • Avoid alcohol, Narcotic Drugs, sleeping pills and smoking. 
    Drink more fluid 3-4ltrs a day… clean, boiled or treated water/tea/coffee/soup/juice etc. 
  • Do not carry heavy packs, 10 – 12 Kilograms is ok. 
  • Climb higher sleep lower.
    Above 3000m, a 300m ascent a day if possible and walk with someone.

Treatment: The main healer and treatment is Descent, Descent, Descent, the best way of recovering. However, there are few medicine which maybe helpful when suffering: Oxygen, Diamox (Acetomolide) for AMS 125 mg. Before dinner, for sleeping problem if feeling suffocated, Nafedipine for HAPE, Steroids/Dexamethasone for HACE, Hyperbolic Bag – Gamow Bag

Important: Go up slowly with take your own pace. Do not let your body get cold. Do not leave your team member behind unattended, either trekker or porter. Drink plenty of fluids (at least 3 liters per day). Get all information about Altitude Sickness before your trekking tour that will make you confident to make your tour successful.

Tipping & Bargaining: Tipping in Nepal is not mandatory. It is now a traditional way, asset by earlier visitors, to tip guides, porters and Tour Driver, who now expect a tip. Any gratuity for good service will be gratefully accepted at the end of the tour.

Bargaining is part of Nepalese culture, especially in markets when hiring the local vehicles, buying the jewelery and local clothing.

Travel Tip: You might be tempted to buy a few souvenirs here and there, so leave a little room for those extra purchases!

Safe Travel:

  • Do not take unnecessary valuables with you, a money belt, or similar, worn close to your body is the best way to carry passports, airline tickets, money and other Valuables.
  • Do Not leave any valuables in hotel rooms, please use SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES in the Hotel. Items are left at the individual’s risk.
  • Pickpockets are not common in Nepal but it can happen, especially in tourist areas and in crowded markets; you must always exercise care.
  • Be aware that anything left lying around will also be liable to theft.

Departure Tax: International Flight departure taxes are included in your flight ticket.

Time Zone: Nepal Greenwich Mean Time (GMT + 5:45 Hours).

Climate: Nowhere in the world is the climate so distinct and poles apart. The long stretch of the northern frontier, which is mostly rugged terrain, towered by the mighty Himalayas experiences arctic type of climate and a few hours down south at the fringes of the Indian borderlands the landscape and climate changes dramatically as the elevation decreases. With lush green tropical forests and vast stretches of plains one can encounter hot humid climate.

The year is divided into 4 different seasons in Nepal – winter, spring, monsoon and autumn.
The best period to visit the country for plant lovers is during spring when the flowers are in full bloom. The mountain slopes are covered with beautiful and colorful flowers. Spring season commences from early March and continues until late May. Even though the days are clear haze disturbs the mountain views. Late May, and the downpour begins. It continues till late August. Come September and the autumn season begins. It continues till late November. With temperate climate, clear blue skies and extraordinary mountain views it is the best season to visit the country. Winter begins in late November and continues till late February.

Himalayan region climate varies as per the altitude wise from the low southern land of Gangetic plains of Terai at 60meters above sea level to the mid hills-valleys at 9,00m, 1500-200m and to the high mountain settlement at 3000-4000m and above. From over 40oC warm sub-tropic, to the arctic climate of -0oC to -20oC conditions exists. Here’s our Climate Guide that can help you with your selection of treks in the Himalayan region and Good Luck! Nepal and its Himalayan range have a typical monsoonal two season a year. There’s the dry season from October to May and the wet season, the monsoon, from June to September. September-November, the start of the dry season, is in many ways the best time in Nepal and around the Himalaya. As the Himalayan regions have low precipitations, the snow fall is limited depending upon the region, season and elevation. The main trekking area of Annapurna Region will be as follows.

From 800m-1200m quite subtropical climate with hot and humidity in summer and at end of spring till starting of autumn, however in winter the temperature drops down almost 0 degree Celsius with mild sunshine of 15-18 degree Celsius.

From 2000m in summer it will be quite warm with minimum of 5-8 degree Celsius

Maximum of 18-20 degree Celsius.

Spring from mid Feb to April the temperatures are as follows.
Minimum -4 to -5 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.

Autumn from October to mid November.
Minimum -5 to -8 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.

From 3000m-4000m. minimum of 0-5 degree Celsius and maximum of 15-18 degree Celsius. Above 5000m it can snow even summer, while it rains below but the snow melts quickly as it reaches the ground at this time of the year in summer and monsoon. (The wind chill factor above 3000m-4000m can be quite freezing bringing the temperatures down. In the Everest Region and as at other High Himalayan region the temperatures are as follows from 2000m on-wards.

From 2000m in summer it will be quite warm with minimum of 5-8 degree Celsius

Maximum of 18-20 degree Celsius.
Spring from mid Feb to April the temperatures are as follows.
Minimum -4 to -5 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.
Autumn from October to mid November.
Minimum -5 to -8 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.

In winter Dec to mid Feb this place can be very cold at sometimes in places like Loboche on-wards with minimum of -15-20 degree Celsius and maximum of 12-15 degree Celsius.

Above 3000m on-wards the afternoon sun will be brilliant with much glare and  strong UV (Ultra Violet Ray) while in the sun, however the temperatures drops down dramatically while in the shade.

Temperatures Chart

(In Celsius)  

                    1,330m                  850m                     200-300m (above sea level)

Months        Kathmandu            Pokhara                 Chitwan

                    max min                max min                max min

Jan               19     2                   20     8                    24   7
Feb              20      4                  21     8                    26   8                  
Mar              25      8                  27   11                   33   12       
Apr              30     11                 33   12                   35   18
May             30     16                 30   19                   35   20
Jun               30     20                 30   20                  35   23
Jul                29      21                30   21                   33   24
Aug              29      20                30   21                   33   24
Sep              27     19                29   20                   32   22
Oct               23      15                27   18                   31   18
Nov             23      4                 23     11                  29   12
Dec              20       2                  20     8                   24     8                           

Rainfall Chart (in mm.)                                 

Months        Kathmandu            Pokhara                 Chitwan                

Jan               25                         15                          10

Feb              25                         15                          10

Mar              75                         30                          10

Apr              50                         50                          15

May             100                         300                         200

Jun               225                         575                         300

Jul                375                         800                         500

Aug              360                         700                         450

Sep              175                         575                         400

Oct               50                         220                         100

Nov             10                         20                           5   

Dec              10                            5                            5                                

Climate Chart:   Kathmandu. Chances of dry day & Hours of Sunshine

Jan     Feb    Mar    Apr    May   June   July    Aug    Sept   Oct     Nov   Dec

95%   91%   93%   85%   74%   54%   33%   37%   62%   88%   98%   99%

5:54    5:39    7:37    9:30    5:43    4:54    2:37    2:23    3:18    5:12    5:12    5:06

Pokhara. Chances of dry day & Hours of Sunshine

Jan     Feb    Mar    Apr    May   June   July    Aug    Sept   Oct     Nov   Dec

94%   94%   89%   80%   53%   5%     3%     3%     7%     64%   96%   99%

5:49    6:23    7:19    8:59    5:17    4:02    2:04    1:34    1:44    4:30    4:51    5:12

Voltage:  Electricity in Nepal is 230 volts AC, 50 cycles. We do have two pins & 3 pins power sockets, you better to have two Pin travel plug adapter which will be useful to charge your batteries.

Drug Policy: Under no circumstances are any illegal drugs allowed on any part of the trip. Anyone discovered in possession of any such drugs, will be asked to leave the tour immediately without question or refund.

Water:  You should not drink the water from the tap in Nepal because of bacteria. You can either use water purification or buy the bottle of water. Now a days, some people are bringing their own water filter which is very impressive & useful.

Bottled mineral water and boiled water are available for purchase throughout Trekking.  However, water purification tablets or your own filter can be useful with your interest.

  • Steripen
  • Water filter
  • Iodine or chlorine dioxide purification tablets

Photography: Photography is important part of the holiday that carries the memory of holiday in the photos.  Please remember, we are guests in the countries through which we travel and we may sometimes inadvertently cause offense by taking photographs without first asking permission. It is absolutely forbidden by law to take photos at any borders, as they are all active military installation.

Contact details: 
Trexmount Ventures:
Ciltron Garden 495, Thamel Kathmandu, Nepal Phone: +977-1-4701238 | 4701239 |  Cell : +977-9851058054 | Fax : +977-1-4701237 Email | Url :

This tour is operated by Trexmount Ventures. Information provided in all brochures, leaflets and dossiers is offered in good faith by the company, based on the latest information available with update while in publication.

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