Mustang Trekking

The Old Kingdom of Upper Mustang is often compared to the fabled Himalayan valley of Shangri-La. Mustang is a high-altitude desert of rich red and ocher soil, deep gorges, and the world’s highest peaks set against an infinite blue sky. Mustang Trekking is one of Nepal’s most mysterious and interesting trails for trekkers from around the world. The tiny Kingdom of Mustang lies nestled on the border with Tibet. You will step into a place that feels like a forbidden and isolated escape from the modern world. Mustang has evolved its own distinctive and unique culture and traditions and is perhaps one of the last enclaves of pristine Tibetan culture.

Snow-capped peaks, colorful earthen mosaics of deep reds, yellows and browns, and a barren moonscape of eroded sandstone pillars and glacial ridges await those who make the trek to Mustang. Lying in the shadow of the mighty Himalaya, we follow the trail through the whitewashed villages of the Lobas people, that once formed a thriving trade route between Nepal and Tibet. After meeting your Trexmount Ventures guide, the Mustang Trekking begins with a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Pokhara and on to Jomsom (2,715m/8,907ft), located on the shelf just above the Kaligandaki River. From here, we hike through the open wind-swept country with overnight stays in the beautiful villages of Kagbeni, Chusang, Tshele and Ghame before reaching the old Kingdom of Mustang.

On this adventure, you will see magnificent views of; Annapurna I (8,091m/26,545ft), Annapurna South (7,219m/23,693ft), Gangapurna (7,455m/24,457ft), Annapurna III (7,555m/24,787ft), and Lamjung Himal (6,931m/22,739ft). Towards the east, you will see the world’s eighth highest mountain Mt. Manaslu (8,163m, 26,781ft), and the world’s seventh highest mountain Mt. Dhaulagiri (8,167m, 26,795ft). This trek also offers views of the adjoining Nilgiris, Tukuche Peaks and Vara Shikar/Annapurna Fang and Mt. Machhapuchare ‘Fish-Tail’ (6,997m/22,956ft).

The walled Kingdom of Lo Manthang and its ancient fort (dzong) is another highlight of this itinerary. This trek offers visitors so many unique experiences. The Mustang and surrounding region is still largely untouched by modern civilization - life goes on, as it has for centuries, at an unhurried pace. The hidden Kingdom of Mustang is truly a uniquely rewarding experience for all visitors.


Day 01: Arrive at Kathmandu Airport, We will transfer to respective hotels.
Day 02: Kathmandu Free day for Trek preparation
Day 03: Morning drive or fly to Pokhara and transfer to hotel.
Day 04: Morning flight to Jomsom (2,715 m-8,970 ft) trek to Kagbeni – 04 hrs.
Day 05: Trek to Tshele (Chele) (3,050 m-10,06 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 06: Trek to Geling (3,540 m-11,614 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 07: Trek to Tsarang (Charang) (3,560 m-11,680 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 08: Trek to Lo-Manthang (3,700 m-12,139 ft) – 05 hrs.
Day 09: Visit Chosar & Back to Lo-Manthang.
Day 10: Visit palace, monastary and local area in Lo-Manthang.
Day 11
: Trek to Yara (3,550 m-11,647 ft) – 05 hrs.
Day 12:  Trek to Luri Gompa (3,900 m-12,695 ft) – 05 hrs.
Day 13:  Trek to Tange (3,250 m-10,663 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 14:  Trek to Tsusang (2,920 m-9,580 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 15:  Trek to Muktinath (3,800-12,467 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 16:  Trek to Jomsom (2,715 m-8,907 ft) – 06 hrs.
Day 17: Morning flight to  Pokhara (820 m-2,690ft).
Day 18: Drive to Kathmandu.
Day 19: Departure for home ward bound

Itinerary Detail

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.
Our representative will come to the airport for transfer to the Hotel. After some refreshment in the hotel, Our Tour leader will conduct a pre departure meeting in the Hotel or at our office. The meetings will covers trip related information & the collecting your Documents (passport copy, 2 passport size photos, Travel insurance copy).

Day 02:   Kathmandu: Free day for Trek preparation
Breakfast, free day for trek preparation. You can do your own activities OR, you can do sightseeing tour in Kathmandu valley with visiting fascinating world heritage and cultural sites. There are few places that are worth to visit such as Hindus holy Pashupatinath temple, Bouddhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple), Durbar Squire ( One is in Kathmandu, in patan and also in Bhaktapur), Museum,  monasteries, old historical Palaces and Gardens. Note:  this tour is optional so you can visit with place of your interest & pay locally. Meals included: Breakfast

Day 03:   Drive by private Vehicle to Pokhara (950 m-3,117 ft) – 06 hrs, 210 k.m. 
As time set by our guide who accompanies you throughout this trip, depart from the hotel for an interesting drive on the busy road towards scenic Pokhara. The drive leads through Himalayan foothills and green valleys.  Arrive Pokhara for an overnight stop in the comfort of an excellent hotel situated nearby the lake Phewa. Have time for walks around the lake side. Meals included: Breakfast

Day 04 :  Fly to Jomsom (2,713 m-6,901 ft), trek to Kagbeni (2,810 m-9,219 ft) – Approx.3 hrs.Hike 
After early breakfast depart for a short drive to Pokhara airport for mind blowing 20 minute flight to fly Jomsom. See vistas of towering snow capped peaks such as Annapurna, Nilgiris, Manaslu and the Dhaulagiri range. Jomsom is a large town and district headquarters of the Mustang. It is situated on a shelf above the Kaligandaki River. The environment and houses are similar to Tibetean culture and traditions. The residents are mostly Thakali people, a prosperous tribe that deals with hotels and lodges and have been trading with Tibet for hundreds of years. 

From Jomsom we start walking through the windswept Kaligandaki river valley to Kagbeni. There are search for black shiny fossils called shaligram (ammonite), found in abundance around kaligandaki river valley. Pass the small place of Eklaibhatti towards North West. The trail meanders winding further towards Kagbeni for the overnight. Kagbeni is an interesting place and a gateway to Upper Mustang. In the afternoon explore the village and Buddhist Monastery. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 05:   Trek to Tshele (Chele) (3,050 m-10,006 ft) – 06 hrs.
From Kagbeni, start with small uphill towards the Upper Mustang. There are few shepard’s shelters and a small scattered village  Cross icy streams that open up into broken red colored canyons of ruined castle walls atop the high impressive cliffs.  Reach Chusang on the other side of the river. View the spectacular red eroded cliffs and inaccessible high caves. Cross a small bridge followed by an uphill walk for an hour.  Arrive at Tshele for overnight stop in a nice and simple lodge with homely comfort and services. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 06:  Trek to Geling (3,540 m- 111,614 ft) – 06 hrs.
We Start climbing for an hour to get Samar at 3,130 m-10,269 ft. See splendid views of Gyagar village across a huge canyon. Walk continues with a short descend from Samar, and start climbing to a ridge that leads up to 3800m and Descends through a colored chortens (a prayer monument) built from rocks to Shyangmochen, a small village with few guest house and shops at 3,710 m-12,172 ft.

Having a short rest here and Proceed on a gentle downhill trail towards Geling with its large fields of barley for an overnight in a Guest House. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 07:  Trek to Tsarang (Charang) (3,560 m-11,680 ft) – 06 hrs.
We will be start ascending after the Breakfast, make a slow climb into large fields in the center of a huge windswept valley. See below Tamagaon village. Climb to the top of Nyi La pass at 3,950 m-12,959 ft. This pass is on the southern boundary of Lo area. Walk downhill mid-way to a junction, the right trail leads direct to Tsarang, while the left, to Ghami village which is one of the bigger village of Lo region.

Walk continues with a drop below the blue, grey and red cliffs. Walk across a valley and over a steel bridge over the Tangmarchu River.  Encounter a long climb with a wonderful and impressive stretch of Mani wall, probably one of the longest in Nepal.

After a short break make the last final climb to reach the (3, 600 m-11,811 ft) ridge top and a gentle downhill walk to Tsarang for an overnight stay. Tsarang is an interesting village with crops fields of maze, barley, buck wheat.

There are few willow and poplars trees surviving in this arid terrain and cold climate. There are five story white Dzong and a red Gompa (monastery) standing on the edge of Kali Gandaki gorge in this village, Tsarang village has its own electricity system. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 08:   Trek to Lo-Manthang (3,700 m-12,139 ft) – 05 hrs.
Walk downhill to cross Charangchu River, and follow the ridge to reach at Tholung valley and the gradual climb as the valley floor rises to a large chorten (Buddhist prayer monument) that marks the boundary of Tsarang and Lo area. Walk to a stream reaching a ridge top at 3,850 m-12,631 ft with super views of walled village of Lo Manthang.

With fabulous views descend to a stream, outlining the walled village of Lo Manthang and then a short climb over the plateau reaching towards southern wall of classic Lo Manthang.

Finally after several days of interesting scenic trekking, today reach our main highlight and destination, Lo Manthang. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 09: Lo-manthang: Explore the area near Lo-manthang, Visit Chosar and few small villages.  back to Lo-Manthang. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: In Lo-Manthang local visit.
Lo Manthang itself has a large village situated with boundary wall into the village. Herein find about 150 closely attached houses and residences for lamas and priests. The palace and monasteries are located in bottom portion in a vertical section of L shaped houses. There are lots to explore where our guide will take you to explore around this walled city

There are schools, health post, police post and several important chortens are found outside the walls of north and east gate with monastic part of this large village. Despite its old looking houses of Lo Manthang, it is a prosperous village maintaining strong sense of community. The people here are known as Lobas, who are from Lo area with much similarity to Tibetans and follow a practical culture economy. In the early days, this place was a focal point for trading of salt and wool with Tibet.

The Mustang Raja’s (king) palace stands as an impressive 4 story building in the hub of Lo Mantahng. The ancient and present home of king  raja, Jigme Parbal Bista, and rani (queen) are from a noble family of Shigatse (second largest city of Tibet after Lhasa and seat of Panchen Lama). Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 11:   Trek to Yara (3,550 m-11,647 ft) – 05 hrs.
After an interesting and most fascinating time in historical, cultural Lo Manthang, We head eastward on an alternative path to reach Jomsom, starting with a steep descend to the small village of Dhi by Phuyung Khola bank.

Cross a wooden bridge over Phuyung Khola and ascend to Yara to end the day, a small village with Buddhist player flags welcoming its visitors. Yara is a nice interesting area to explore afternoon time with great views of snow capped peaks and surrounding picturesque landscapes. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 12:   Trek to Luri Gompa (3,900 m-12,795 ft) – 03 hrs.
Start after the breakfast, hike for 3 hours to Luri Gompa which is a small settlement, sparsely populated. Upon reaching this mystical and fascinating area, with time to spare, visit Luri Gompa, the last cave monastery of Lo area.

History of this place with no trace or written record of Luri Gompa constructions, this monastery linked with Kagyu sects of Buddhism. The approach and art of painting proves they were done by Nepalese (Newari) artists working for Tibetan patrons.

 The cave shrine dates from 13th – 14th century, the central chamber of the Gompa is carved out of the rock creating a domed ceiling on which are painted a series of Mahasidha, Sakyamuni Buddha and Chenrez figures etc, which are excellent masterpieces.

Lining the walls, fresco with series of 14th century painting, which depict India Mahasidas, a great an interesting place of Luri Gompa with afternoon free at leisure to marvel the surrounding beauty. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 13:   Trek to Tange (3,250 m-10,663 ft) – 06 hrs.
After an interesting and fascinating with its historical impressive phenomenal monastery, start morning hiking through the high trail grass-less and barren, arid terrain. We hike gently to approach a small ridge top to head downhill to Tange village at 3,370 m-11,056 ft. Tange is a moderate size village of about 30 closely attached houses. On the rooftops find piles of dry big logs and wood stored for many years as status, which reflects prosperity of the society. This is a common tradition in this arid areas of Mustang where wood is very scarce. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

 Day 14:   Trek to Tsusang (Chusang) (2,920 m-9,50 ft) – 08 hrs. 
This is a longest day of hiking on your trip as there are not any guest house into the middle of the journey. We hike in a barren wilderness of red earth landscapes. The path is gentle for few hours with views of distant snow capped peaks. Than we descends to Tsusang village for overnight stop. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 15:   Trek to Muktinath (3,800 m-12,467 ft) – 06 hrs.
We start ascending from Tsusang to Muktinath, In the morning walk on a gradual winding trail that ends in a junction where there are two routes separate (one to holy Muktinath and another is going to Kadbeni). Our direction takes the north east trail, passing several temporary huts and shelters of herders. This high path delivers super views of Nilgiri’s peaks and Dhaulagiri range. The trail winds onto the gradual with much wider trail to Muktinath for overnight stop with visiting the holy Muktinath temple and its premises.

Muktinath, a sacred pilgrimage area where people from Nepal and India visits here to offer prayer and to find liberation from their bad deeds. Mukti means to be free.  Natural elements are displayed in miraculous form-flickering blue flames of natural methane gas burning on water. A stone and earth offering is said to have been first lighted by Brahma which is a creator in Hindus legend. Muktinath sanctity goes back into antiquity of 2,300 years ago. Muktinath is equally holy for Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimages. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 16:   Trek to Jomsom (2, 715 m-8,907 ft) – 04 hours.
After a long walk of previous day, today we hike on a pleasant walking trail on a downhill path. We walk through beautiful Jharkot village and drop of (1,200 m-3,937 ft)  to Kaligandaki river bed. Upon reaching the wide Kaligandaki River valley at a small place of Ekale bhatti, continue walking on the flat wide valley for few hours reaching Jomsom.  Enjoy the afternoon exploring the town and having the best of apple products as Mustang area is famous apples. Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner 

Day 17:   Fly from Jomsom to Pokhara (860 m-2,960 ft).
The flights are operating in the early morning, transfer to Jomsom airport for the beautiful flight to Pokhara with alluring views of Dhaulagiri, Nilgiri’s, Annapurna and Machhapuchare. This wonderful flight takes 20 minute to reach peace city Pokhara. Visit David fall, Guptseshore cave and enjoy the evening in the lake side. Breakfast, Lunch

Day 18: Drive to Kathmandu
Breakfast, You will be Traveling 6 hours through the private Vehicle to Kathmandu. Meals included: Breakfast

Day 19: Free day   In Kathmandu
Today is a reserved day in case of flight delay at Jomsom due to unfavorable weather conditions. Farewell Dinner in the Evening. Meals included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 20:   Departure:
Breakfast in the Hotel, We will transfer to Tribhuvan International airport for  departure towards your next destination. Meals included: Breakfast

Includes and Excludes

–        Airport Pick up and drop transfer.
–        All Private Ground transportation with Air-condition as per itinerary
–        Return Flight from Pokhara|Jomsom|Pokhara
 –       3 Star Hotel accommodations in Kathmandu and Pokhara with Breakfast.
–        Private room during the trekking (Guest House).
–       19 Breakfast, 14 Lunch and 14 Dinner with Hot Drinks ( tea, coffee)
–        Seasonal fresh fruits during the trekking.

–        Annapurna conservation entry permits.
–        Special Mustang Permit.
–        An experience Government Trained guide and required number of porters (one porter in between two pax), their food, accommodation, transportation, salary, insurance, and equipment.
–        Warm sleeping bag, warm down jacket and walking stick, if necessary.
–        Trek bag

–       Meals as Mention in the details itinerary. 
–       Tips or any donations.
–       Your travel insurance, Medical and emergency evacuation.
–       Drinks (such as Cold drinks, Mineral water and alcoholic drinks).
–       All personal expenses which are not mention into the price inclusion.

Equipments and Packing

EQUIMPENTS: Since you are traveling here and there and through the country side, consider carrying warm, lightweight, hand-washable and quick-drying clothes.

Trekking Boots (One Pair), Light Soaks (3 Pairs), Thick Socks (4 pairs), Camp Shoes (1 pair), and Sandals (1 pair).


Warm Cotton Trousers (2 pairs), Fleece Jacket or Pullover (1), Down or Fiber Filled Waterproof Jacket and Trousers (1), Shirts and T-Shirts (4 pieces), Long Under Wear (2 pieces), Lightweight Cotton Long Pants, Short Under Wear (4 pieces), Sunglasses (1), Sun Hat or Scarf (1) and Woolen Hat (1), Lightweight Gloves (1), Heavyweight Gloves or Mittens With a Waterproof (1), Rain Coat (1).


Daypack (1), Down Jacket (1), Sleeping Bag (4 seasons-1), Water Bottle (1), Sunglasses, Flashlight with Spare Bulbs, Sun Cream, Batteriesm Gaiters, Lip Salve.


Toilet Articles, Insect Repellent, Notebook and Pen, Laundry Soap, Toilet Roll, Pocket Knife, Binoculars, Sewing Kit, Soap, Camera, GPS, Cards and Personal Medical Kit and items of your personal interest.

If you are wearing glasses, it is advisable to bring a spare pair. If you wear contact lenses you may find that climatic changes and dust can create visual irritation, therefore, it is advisable to bring a pair of glasses.

For Water Purification:
Bottled mineral water and thermoses of boiled water are available for purchase everywhere throughout Tibet.  However, water purification tablets can be useful during excursions.

  • Steripen
  • Water filter
  • Iodine or chlorine dioxide purification tablets

Checklist for Documents:
The Following documents listed below are a must and should be with you at all times.

  • Valid Passport
  • Medical Insurance card(s)
  • Address book | Our Company contact details (for any emergency)
  • Flight tickets (e-tickets).
  • Passport size photos ( At least 4)

Note: We do recommend you to make copies of passport, visas, permits, airline tickets/schedule and so on. Leave a copy with someone at home and put a copy in a separate place in your luggage.



Trip Map

Trip Fact

Trip accommodation:         Hotels & Lodge on route trek
Trek grade:                          Moderate to Adventurous
Highest altitude gain:         3,950 m at Nyi La pass and 3,810 m in Dhakmar.
Total Trip:                            18 / 19 days Kathmandu-Kathmandu.
Seasons:                                April to June & September to November

Trip Highlights

Beautiful traditional old villages, Monasteries, eroded hills, arid and colorful windswept landscapes and mountains are the main attraction and highlights of this trip, views of world’s 7th highest Mt. Dhaulagiri 8,167 m, trekking around Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massive mountain range, dramatic variation from alpine to arctic climate temperature, an extension of Tibetan plateau, scenic flight with amazing views of world’s 3highest mountains Annapurna-Dhaulagiri & Manaslu, fascinating traditional mid hills Mustang and Thakali villagers , Thakali, super mountain panorama with breathtaking sunrise, trekking around world’s deepest gorge of Kali-Gandaki River, makes this trip worth a visit to Old Kingdom of Upper Mustang and its ancient walled fortress of Lo Manthang village.


Trip Information's

Arriving in Nepal & Transfers:  Before you depart for Nepal please send us your flight details so that we can arrange a complementary transport from the airport to the hotel in Kathmandu. Our staff and representative will have a sign-board with “Trexmount Ventures”, please look for it when reaching outside the main terminal. Please note our phone numbers if in-case of flight delay and change in time & schedule or if you don’t see our Sign Board on your arrival in case of emergency: 

Please notify on these + 977- 1- 4701237, 4701238, 4701239 or Cell: 9851058054

Please be aware of hawkers at the airport will try to carry your bags for you and direct you to specific guesthouses.  Please carry your own luggage and don’t give any money who ever asks for it. Luggage

Standard commercial airline baggage restrictions apply. Usually this is 20 kg for economy passengers and one piece of carry-on luggage. It is advisable to check with your airline before traveling.

Passport: Your passport is a valuable document and you should exercise extreme care in keeping it safe. We recommend that you keep your passport on you at all times, preferably in a money belt that is worn under your clothing. We advise that you take copies of relevant pages in your passport and any visas that you may purchase in case of loss or damage. Your tour leader will require your passport details at the pre-departure meeting. Again, we recommend that you have a photocopy of your passport details, kept separate. Your passport must be valid for six months after the END of your tour, and must have one blank page for each country to be visited.

Visa Requirements: You can either processed tourist visas from any Nepalese Embassy or via the web or you upon arrival in Nepal. Please note that once the visa is issued, it may not be amended or re-validated and visa fees will not be refunded. USD cash or Visa and Master Card credit cards are accepted for visa fees. Visitors who wanted to get tourist visa at arrival, they can obtain into following arrival points in Nepal:
Tribhubhan International Airport (TIA), Kathmandu| Kodari| Kakarbhitta| Birgunj| Belhiya Bhairahawa | Nepalgunj |Dhangadi | Mahendranagar.

REQUIREMENTS for Visa is as following:
Valid Passport (with a validity of a minimum period of six months) duly completed Visa application form.
Visa fees easier to be paid in cash.
Visa fees at arrival points in Nepal: Visa for 15 days = $25, For 30 days = $40, For 90 days = $100.
Please also note that: Nationals of the following countries must apply for a tourist visa through Nepalese Embassies as they do not get visas on arrival at the entry points of Nepal.

Note: Nigeria | Ghana | Zimbabwe | Swaziland | Cameroon | Somalia | Liberia| Ethiopia| Iraq| Palestine and Afghanistan’s Travel Document holders (Passport holder) should apply for a tourist visa at the Nepalese Embassy. Entry validity: The validity of visa dates is counted from the date of arrival in Nepal which is Six months from the date of issue.

Visa Extension: A tourist visa can be extended from the Department of Immigration in Kathmandu and Pokhara Immigration Office for a total of 120 days. Over the course of a visa year, a tourist cannot stay in Nepal more than cumulative 150 days.

Country entry regulations can be changed, Unique Path Travels does not accept responsibility for changes in regulations or requirements for visas. The information provided is given in good faith.

Currency: The official currency in Nepal is Rupee. The most commonly use symbol for Rupee is NPR or Rs. One Rupee is made up of 100 Paisa, a smaller unit.  There are coins  for denominations of one, two, five and ten rupees and bank notes in denominations of 1,2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 rupees. There is no restriction on the amount of foreign currency or travelers checks brought into Nepal.

Money Exchange: Nepal Rastra Bank (National Bank)  sets the exchange rate and lists rate in daily news paper. There are many money changer counters and Banks in the cities at where you can change your cash money. When you are changing money officially, you need to show your passport and get receipt with your identity.  The Hotels do change the money however they do have lower rate.

There are various ATM Machines in main cities and towns like Kathmandu, Pokhara and so on. Where you can get cash (only Nepalese Rupee) on both Visa and Master Card’s 24 hours a day. Usually you can draw Maximum 30,000 NPR a day from your Card.

Accommodations: In Nepal most places have tourist standard facilities depending upon the choices, as we have put a lot of effort into locating the most appropriate type of accommodation for each tour.

It will always be clean and hygienic, comfortable and of a very high standard. Accommodation for Nepal trips is in a combination of good standard tourist class hotels and Guest Houses in the Treks operated by the local people, which offer Twin Sharing accommodations, please be prepared for the common Bathrooms.

If you wish to spend a few additional days in your start city before the departure of your tour, then we can arrange accommodation for you. On the last day of the tour we usually arrive at our final destination in the late afternoon, when the tour ends. If you would like to book accommodation for that night or even stay additional nights, we will be more than happy to arrange this for you as well. All our accommodation is carefully chosen, conveniently located, clean and comfortable.

Travel / Medical Insurance: Travel / Medical insurance a compulsory in all Trexmount Ventures trips, all clients MUST be insured to cover personal accident, medical expenses, cancellation, curtailment and repatriation. Please Note you should check that your insurance policy is adequate for Trexmount Ventures .

Vaccinations: Your doctor might suggest you while traveling in Asia or any 3rd world countries, as in Nepal vaccinations are not compulsory unless coming from a yellow fever infected region but we do recommend you are covered for: *diphtheria & TB, hepatitis A, *hepatitis B, *malaria, typhoid, polio and tetanus. NB* a Yellow Fever certificate is required if arriving from infected areas.

For traveling in the countryside and remote areas, immune globulin is also recommended to combat hepatitis A. We advise you to bring along a supply of antibiotics, an anti-diarrhea agent, and any other prescription drugs required by your current medical conditions.

Vaccination requirements are subject to change and should be confirmed before departure.You may need additional inoculations so please contact your GP or a travel medical center for further information. Please consult your doctor for up-to-date information and prescriptions for vaccinations, anti-malarial requirements and any reasonably foreseeable illnesses whilst traveling into Asia.

Note: Please don’t forget check up with your Doctor & get advice whether your health permit or not to go into the region.

We also recommend: A dental check-up prior to traveling, you know your blood group in case of emergency and to send your medical / dietary lists. If you have any pre-existing medical conditions which might affect you on tour, you make these known to your Travel Agent at the time of your booking

Medical Supplies: In every trip we do provide with essential comprehensive medical kits however you may carry your own medical kits as per your doctor’s recommendations.

List of some recommended items: Band Aids / bandages, laxatives, upset stomach remedy, anti-diarrhea remedy, Panadol /Aspirin, rehydration remedy, antiseptic cream/powder, sterile dressings, any relevant course of medication such as contraceptive pills.

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): Depending upon the zone of trekking, AMS might occur if one does not acclimatize well while trekking in the high Himalayan region. Usually the symptom of AMS can be felt above 3,000 m with thin air, lack of oxygen from low air pressure. The Rapid Ascend, dehydration and Hypothermia are the cause of the symptom. We have rated three different level of the Altitude Sickness:

  1.  AMS – Acute Mountain Sickness: 
    The initial symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness starts with headache, nausea, shortness of breath, fatigue / tiredness, Loss of appetite, disturbance in sleep which is mild a symptoms that will make like hangover / not feeling well.  You don’t need to worry much this will take time to heal after a good acclamatsation, this can be avoided after slow ascend or resting into the same elevation.
  2. HAPE – High Altitude Pulmonary Edema:
    This second level of the sickness may get water in the lungs with the symptoms of increasing Headache, wish to vomiting or vomiting, diarrhea, Dizziness’, Breathing hard, severe cough (dry or Productive), increasing tiredness/weakness, high pulse, Fatigue while walking, Blueness of the face, Lips, Fingers nails which means inability to circulate the Oxygen into the blood. If these symptoms occur, you shouldn’t ascend higher, take medicine & rest/stay into the same altitude for extra night, if it does not improves, you need to descend into lower elevation.
  3. Hace – High Altitude Cerebral Edema
    The final level is a extreme stage of altitude sickness with the symptoms of worsening headache & Vomiting, mental confusion, swelling hand & face, walking like drunk, irritable, unconsciousness or coma. If these serious symptoms appear, you need to get into the hospital as soon as possible either by heli-copter or by other possible arrangements.

Decision Making: All the decision is made by the victims and by leader or guide for
evacuation by any means of quick transportation and in helicopter.

  1. Find out the main problem i.e. at altitude. Assume all problems are Altitude Sickness unless proven otherwise. 
  2. If it is an altitude problem with mild symptoms, stay at the same altitude until the symptoms are completely gone. Take an Aspirin tablet, try to go up but listen to your body. If symptoms are worsening, descend into the lower.

Prevention is better than cure. A proper acclimatization before heading higher elevation, not to make Rapid Ascent; not to walk faster and drink plenty of fluid like water.

  • Listen your body & Let them more comfortable & rest more than usual. 
  • Avoid alcohol, Narcotic Drugs, sleeping pills and smoking. 
    Drink more fluid 3-4ltrs a day… clean, boiled or treated water/tea/coffee/soup/juice etc. 
  • Do not carry heavy packs, 10 – 12 Kilograms is ok. 
  • Climb higher sleep lower.
    Above 3000m, a 300m ascent a day if possible and walk with someone.

Treatment: The main healer and treatment is Descent, Descent, Descent, the best way of recovering. However, there are few medicine which maybe helpful when suffering: Oxygen, Diamox (Acetomolide) for AMS 125 mg. Before dinner, for sleeping problem if feeling suffocated, Nafedipine for HAPE, Steroids/Dexamethasone for HACE, Hyperbolic Bag – Gamow Bag

Important: Go up slowly with take your own pace. Do not let your body get cold. Do not leave your team member behind unattended, either trekker or porter. Drink plenty of fluids (at least 3 liters per day). Get all information about Altitude Sickness before your trekking tour that will make you confident to make your tour successful.

Tipping & Bargaining: Tipping in Nepal is not mandatory. It is now a traditional way, asset by earlier visitors, to tip guides, porters and Tour Driver, who now expect a tip. Any gratuity for good service will be gratefully accepted at the end of the tour.

Bargaining is part of Nepalese culture, especially in markets when hiring the local vehicles, buying the jewelery and local clothing.

Travel Tip: You might be tempted to buy a few souvenirs here and there, so leave a little room for those extra purchases!

Safe Travel:

  • Do not take unnecessary valuables with you, a money belt, or similar, worn close to your body is the best way to carry passports, airline tickets, money and other Valuables.
  • Do Not leave any valuables in hotel rooms, please use SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES in the Hotel. Items are left at the individual’s risk.
  • Pickpockets are not common in Nepal but it can happen, especially in tourist areas and in crowded markets; you must always exercise care.
  • Be aware that anything left lying around will also be liable to theft.

Departure Tax: International Flight departure taxes are included in your flight ticket.

Time Zone: Nepal Greenwich Mean Time (GMT + 5:45 Hours).

Climate: Nowhere in the world is the climate so distinct and poles apart. The long stretch of the northern frontier, which is mostly rugged terrain, towered by the mighty Himalayas experiences arctic type of climate and a few hours down south at the fringes of the Indian borderlands the landscape and climate changes dramatically as the elevation decreases. With lush green tropical forests and vast stretches of plains one can encounter hot humid climate.

The year is divided into 4 different seasons in Nepal – winter, spring, monsoon and autumn.
The best period to visit the country for plant lovers is during spring when the flowers are in full bloom. The mountain slopes are covered with beautiful and colorful flowers. Spring season commences from early March and continues until late May. Even though the days are clear haze disturbs the mountain views. Late May, and the downpour begins. It continues till late August. Come September and the autumn season begins. It continues till late November. With temperate climate, clear blue skies and extraordinary mountain views it is the best season to visit the country. Winter begins in late November and continues till late February.

Himalayan region climate varies as per the altitude wise from the low southern land of Gangetic plains of Terai at 60meters above sea level to the mid hills-valleys at 9,00m, 1500-200m and to the high mountain settlement at 3000-4000m and above. From over 40oC warm sub-tropic, to the arctic climate of -0oC to -20oC conditions exists. Here’s our Climate Guide that can help you with your selection of treks in the Himalayan region and Good Luck! Nepal and its Himalayan range have a typical monsoonal two season a year. There’s the dry season from October to May and the wet season, the monsoon, from June to September. September-November, the start of the dry season, is in many ways the best time in Nepal and around the Himalaya. As the Himalayan regions have low precipitations, the snow fall is limited depending upon the region, season and elevation. The main trekking area of Annapurna Region will be as follows.

From 800m-1200m quite subtropical climate with hot and humidity in summer and at end of spring till starting of autumn, however in winter the temperature drops down almost 0 degree Celsius with mild sunshine of 15-18 degree Celsius.

From 2000m in summer it will be quite warm with minimum of 5-8 degree Celsius

Maximum of 18-20 degree Celsius.

Spring from mid Feb to April the temperatures are as follows.
Minimum -4 to -5 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.

Autumn from October to mid November.
Minimum -5 to -8 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.

From 3000m-4000m. minimum of 0-5 degree Celsius and maximum of 15-18 degree Celsius. Above 5000m it can snow even summer, while it rains below but the snow melts quickly as it reaches the ground at this time of the year in summer and monsoon. (The wind chill factor above 3000m-4000m can be quite freezing bringing the temperatures down. In the Everest Region and as at other High Himalayan region the temperatures are as follows from 2000m on-wards.

From 2000m in summer it will be quite warm with minimum of 5-8 degree Celsius

Maximum of 18-20 degree Celsius.
Spring from mid Feb to April the temperatures are as follows.
Minimum -4 to -5 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.
Autumn from October to mid November.
Minimum -5 to -8 degree Celsius with Maximum of 12-18 degree Celsius.
With chances of snow at some areas with high wind chill factor.

In winter Dec to mid Feb this place can be very cold at sometimes in places like Loboche on-wards with minimum of -15-20 degree Celsius and maximum of 12-15 degree Celsius.

Above 3000m on-wards the afternoon sun will be brilliant with much glare and  strong UV (Ultra Violet Ray) while in the sun, however the temperatures drops down dramatically while in the shade.

Temperatures Chart

(In Celsius)  

                    1,330m                  850m                     200-300m (above sea level)

Months        Kathmandu            Pokhara                 Chitwan

                    max min                max min                max min

Jan               19     2                   20     8                    24   7
Feb              20      4                  21     8                    26   8                  
Mar              25      8                  27   11                   33   12       
Apr              30     11                 33   12                   35   18
May             30     16                 30   19                   35   20
Jun               30     20                 30   20                  35   23
Jul                29      21                30   21                   33   24
Aug              29      20                30   21                   33   24
Sep              27     19                29   20                   32   22
Oct               23      15                27   18                   31   18
Nov             23      4                 23     11                  29   12
Dec              20       2                  20     8                   24     8                           

Rainfall Chart (in mm.)                                 

Months        Kathmandu            Pokhara                 Chitwan                

Jan               25                         15                          10

Feb              25                         15                          10

Mar              75                         30                          10

Apr              50                         50                          15

May             100                         300                         200

Jun               225                         575                         300

Jul                375                         800                         500

Aug              360                         700                         450

Sep              175                         575                         400

Oct               50                         220                         100

Nov             10                         20                           5   

Dec              10                            5                            5                                

Climate Chart:   Kathmandu. Chances of dry day & Hours of Sunshine

Jan     Feb    Mar    Apr    May   June   July    Aug    Sept   Oct     Nov   Dec

95%   91%   93%   85%   74%   54%   33%   37%   62%   88%   98%   99%

5:54    5:39    7:37    9:30    5:43    4:54    2:37    2:23    3:18    5:12    5:12    5:06

Pokhara. Chances of dry day & Hours of Sunshine

Jan     Feb    Mar    Apr    May   June   July    Aug    Sept   Oct     Nov   Dec

94%   94%   89%   80%   53%   5%     3%     3%     7%     64%   96%   99%

5:49    6:23    7:19    8:59    5:17    4:02    2:04    1:34    1:44    4:30    4:51    5:12

Voltage:  Electricity in Nepal is 230 volts AC, 50 cycles. We do have two pins & 3 pins power sockets, you better to have two Pin travel plug adapter which will be useful to charge your batteries.

Drug Policy: Under no circumstances are any illegal drugs allowed on any part of the trip. Anyone discovered in possession of any such drugs, will be asked to leave the tour immediately without question or refund.

Water:  You should not drink the water from the tap in Nepal because of bacteria. You can either use water purification or buy the bottle of water. Now a days, some people are bringing their own water filter which is very impressive & useful.

Bottled mineral water and boiled water are available for purchase throughout Trekking.  However, water purification tablets or your own filter can be useful with your interest.

  • Steripen
  • Water filter
  • Iodine or chlorine dioxide purification tablets

Photography: Photography is important part of the holiday that carries the memory of holiday in the photos.  Please remember, we are guests in the countries through which we travel and we may sometimes inadvertently cause offense by taking photographs without first asking permission. It is absolutely forbidden by law to take photos at any borders, as they are all active military installation.

Contact details: 
Trexmount Ventures:
Ciltron Garden 495, Thamel Kathmandu, Nepal Phone: +977-1-4701238 | 4701239 |  Cell : +977-9851058054 | Fax : +977-1-4701237 Email | Url :

This tour is operated by Trexmount Ventures. Information provided in all brochures, leaflets and dossiers is offered in good faith by the company, based on the latest information available with update while in publication.


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